OK Vape Nation we have finally done it!! With ever changing laws and uneducated overreactions to Cannabis in general, many people out there are yet to understand and experience CBD (cannabidiol) and the full spectrum of health benefits found in medical cannabis but without the side effects of THC.
Cannabis 101 THC and CBD
THC : The most researched cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is responsible for the way your brain and body respond to cannabis, including the high and intoxication.
CBD : Cannabidiol (CBD) is another cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a high or intoxication. There is some evidence that CBD may block or lower some of the effects of THC on the mind. This may occur when the amount of CBD in the cannabis is the same or higher than the amount of THC. CBD is also being studied for its possible therapeutic uses.
So What Is CBD
Cannabidiol—CBD—is a cannabis compound that has significant medical benefits, but does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psycho activity of THC. The fact that CBD-rich cannabis is non-psychoactive or less psychoactive than THC-dominant strains makes it an appealing option for patients looking for relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, , spasms, and other conditions without disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria.
Scientific and clinical research—much of it sponsored by the US government—underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, Chronic Pain, Schizophrenia, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, Antibiotic- Resistant Infections, Epilepsy, and other neurological disorders. CBD has demonstrable neuroprotective and neurogenic effects, and its anti- Cancer properties are currently being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere.
So for sure cannabis is indeed a diverse, complex plant comprised of hundreds of chemicals. And, two of its most prominent constituents — THC and CBD — affect us in significantly different ways. But, first, let’s start with an explanation of the endocannabinoid system, or ECS.
What is the Endocannabinoid System and Why is It Important??
The ECS, or the (Human’s own cannabinoid system) is a group of cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and throughout the central nervous system. (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) plays a vital role in the regulation of mood, memory, physiology, pain sensation, appetite, and overall health.
While the ECS performs multiple tasks, its primary objective is homeostasis, or maintaining a stable and healthy internal environment.
The discovery of the endocannabinoid system and associated receptors has played a significant role not just in our understanding of cannabis, but of human biology, health, and disease.
Primary Cannabinoid Receptors, CB1 and CB2
- CB1 receptors can be found primarily in the brain and nervous system, but are also found in other organs and connective tissues. CB1 is the main receptor for THC, a phytocannabinoid (phyto meaning, “of the plant”); and, its twin, anandamide, one of the body’s naturally occurring cannabinoids which THC mirrors. The activation of CB1 receptors by THC is responsible for cannabis’ psychoactive effects.
- CB2 receptors, found predominantly in the immune system and associated structures, are responsible for modulating cannabis’s anti-inflammatory effects. Inflammation is thought to be a significant factor in many diseases, and CB2 acts as an immune response.
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